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Maximum Federal Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payment amounts increase with the cost-of-living increases that apply to Social Security benefits. The latest such increase, 1.6 percent, becomes effective January 2020.

SSI amounts for 2020
The monthly maximum Federal amounts for 2020 are $783 for an eligible individual, $1,175 for an eligible individual with an eligible spouse, and $392 for an essential person.

In general, monthly amounts for the next year are determined by increasing the unrounded annual amounts for the current year by the COLA effective for January of the next year. The new unrounded amounts are then each divided by 12 and the resulting amounts are rounded down to the next lower multiple of $1.

Calculation details
Recipient Unrounded annual amounts for— Monthly amounts for 2020
2019 2020 a
Eligible individual $9,259.67 $9,407.82 $783
Eligible couple 13,887.97 14,110.18 1,175
Essential person 4,640.45 4,714.70 392
The unrounded amounts for 2020 equal the unrounded amounts for 2019 increased by 1.6 percent.

Payment reduction
The monthly amount is reduced by subtracting monthly countable income. In the case of an eligible individual with an eligible spouse, the amount payable is further divided equally between the two spouses. Some States supplement SSI benefits.

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Morgan & Weisbrod LLP

by Paul B. Burkhalter
Managing Partner of Morgan & Weisbrod, Board Certified in Social Security Disability Law.

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